Climate Change is a major challenge and its impacts are being felt all over the world affecting
vulnerable groups like agricultural / coastal communities, communities dependent on natural
resources and those with constrained capacity to respond. The climate change action plans form
an important policy instrument in dealing with the impacts of climate change. Thus, the study
began with an analysis of the climate change action plans at the national and the state levels in
India with an objective to understand their background, formation process, strengths and
weaknesses and to know how far they are in terms of implementation.
The Government of Maharashtra recently initiated the process of implementing Maharashtra’s
State Adaptation Action Plan on Climate Change through a resolution passed in October 2017.
It comprises of various action items for the state line departments (like Agriculture, Water
Resources etc.) along with a directive for the district administrations to formulate the climate
change action plans at the district level. The next part of the study was focused on how districts
can formulate the climate change action plans, especially, in the absence of any standard
guidelines. As part of this, a literature review was undertaken for understanding the relevant
concepts (e.g. ‘climate vulnerability assessment’, ‘district level / participatory planning’) and
to assess various published tools and methodologies for vulnerability assessment and
adaptation planning. An exercise to compare development status of the district and its climate
vulnerability was undertaken through comparing district HDI and district level vulnerability.
Additionally, field visits were undertaken in three nearby districts (Palghar, Thane and Pune)
along with meetings and interactions at ENVIS (the coordinating agency for this process) to
gain a first-hand perspective from the policymakers and implementors who will be a part of
this planning exercise on climate change response in districts and the role districts can play.
Finally, a framework has been proposed which can enable district administrations to devise
and implement the climate change action plans at the district level. This framework is based
on the observations from the analysis of the national & the state action plans, the literature
reviewed and the learnings gained from field work. A brief operational structure, the potential
roles and responsibilities of the entities involved and the process to be followed, have also been