Development and Testing of Blankets Coated with Mosquito-

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Project Type: 
M. Tech Project -I (TD 695)
Health & Nutrition
Globally there are about 2.5 billion people who residing in the malaria endemic zones. As of 2015 there were 91 countries in which malaria transmission was going on. According to the latest WHO-UNICEF report, India is third among fifteen countries which has the highest number of cases of malaria and deaths due to the disease. As per the estimates of WHO, India is among those countries which have lagged (32%) in decreasing the incidences of malaria (from 2000 to 2015) in comparison to rest of the world. The deaths occurring due to malaria have fallen across the world from 8.39 lakhs in 2000 to 4.38 lakhs in 2015, a drop of about 60% in the last fifteen years. The biggest burden of malaria in India is found to be borne by the most backward, poor and remote areas of the country, with about 90-95% cases reported from the rural areas. Approximately 50% of malaria deaths in India occur among tribal population while they constitute only less than 10% of the total Indian population (Census 2011). Thus, the tribal groups share a disproportionate burden of the malaria disease. The disease though is preventable and curable. Efforts needs to be taken in the same direction. The data produced by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) till September 2017 shows a decline in the overall endemicity of malaria in the country. Maharashtra had the fourth highest number of death because of malaria in 2014. Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra which has a border with the state of Chhattisgarh, has a population of 1 million with 93% of the population living in rural areas. The district accounts for 2% of the state’s population but 12 % of the malaria cases of the state. There are many existing barriers among the marginalised tribal communities against the malaria control programmes. Textiles treated with mosquito repellents are a revolutionary innovation for protecting the human from bites of the mosquito and thus safeguard them from the mosquito-borne diseases. To impart this feature the fabrics have to be given a treatment of mosquito repellent agent which is capable of being utilized without ruing any other characteristics of the fabric. The possibility of coating the daily used blankets and bedsheets of the tribal community with natural essential oils will be exploited in the study. The technique of microencapsulation has been selected for designing microcapsules of the highly volatile essential oils. The study is a small attempt in decreasing the sorry figure of malaria in the country and for the protection of the mankind from one of the most deadly diseases on earth.